This is a general guide for crafting stand-out conference paper abstracts. It includes recommendations for the content and presentation of the abstract, as well as examples of the best abstracts submitted to the abstract selection committee for the ninth annual North Carolina State University graduate student history conference. Typically, an abstract describes the topic you would like to present at the conference, highlighting your argument, evidence and contribution to the historical literature. It is usually restricted to words.
Philip KoopmanCarnegie Mellon University October, Abstract Because on-line search databases typically contain only abstracts, it is vital to write a complete but concise description of your work to entice potential readers into obtaining a copy of the full paper.
This article describes how to write a good computer architecture abstract for both conference and journal papers. Writers should follow a checklist consisting of: Following this checklist should increase the chance of people taking the time to obtain and read your complete paper.
Introduction Now that the use of on-line publication databases is prevalent, writing a really good abstract has become even more important than it was a decade ago. Abstracts have always served the function of "selling" your work.
Types of Writing in Art History In most art history classes at SU, students develop one or more short visual analyses that build toward an independent research project, culminating in a . Tips for Writing Conference Paper Abstracts So you want to answer the Call for Papers? This is a general guide for crafting stand-out conference paper abstracts. HOW TO WRITE AN ABSTRACT: Tips and Samples Leah Carroll, Ph.D., Director, Office of Undergraduate Research An abstract is a short summary of your completed research.
But now, instead of merely convincing the reader to keep reading the rest of the attached paper, an abstract must convince the reader to leave the comfort of an office and go hunt down a copy of the article from a library or worse, obtain one after a long wait through inter-library loan.
In a business context, an "executive summary" is often the only piece of a report read by the people who matter; and it should be similar in content if not tone to a journal paper abstract. Parts of an Abstract Despite the fact that an abstract is quite brief, it must do almost as much work as the multi-page paper that follows it.
In a computer architecture paper, this means that it should in most cases include the following sections. Each section is typically a single sentence, although there is room for creativity. In particular, the parts may be merged or spread among a set of sentences. Use the following as a checklist for your next abstract: Why do we care about the problem and the results?
If the problem isn't obviously "interesting" it might be better to put motivation first; but if your work is incremental progress on a problem that is widely recognized as important, then it is probably better to put the problem statement first to indicate which piece of the larger problem you are breaking off to work on.
This section should include the importance of your work, the difficulty of the area, and the impact it might have if successful.
What problem are you trying to solve? What is the scope of your work a generalized approach, or for a specific situation? Be careful not to use too much jargon. In some cases it is appropriate to put the problem statement before the motivation, but usually this only works if most readers already understand why the problem is important.
How did you go about solving or making progress on the problem? Did you use simulation, analytic models, prototype construction, or analysis of field data for an actual product? What was the extent of your work did you look at one application program or a hundred programs in twenty different programming languages?
What important variables did you control, ignore, or measure? Specifically, most good computer architecture papers conclude that something is so many percent faster, cheaper, smaller, or otherwise better than something else.
Put the result there, in numbers. Avoid vague, hand-waving results such as "very", "small", or "significant. There is a tension here in that you should not provide numbers that can be easily misinterpreted, but on the other hand you don't have room for all the caveats.
What are the implications of your answer? Is it going to change the world unlikelybe a significant "win", be a nice hack, or simply serve as a road sign indicating that this path is a waste of time all of the previous results are useful.
Are your results general, potentially generalizable, or specific to a particular case? Other Considerations An abstract must be a fully self-contained, capsule description of the paper.
It can't assume or attempt to provoke the reader into flipping through looking for an explanation of what is meant by some vague statement. It must make sense all by itself. Some points to consider include: Meet the word count limitation.
If your abstract runs too long, either it will be rejected or someone will take a chainsaw to it to get it down to size. Your purposes will be better served by doing the difficult task of cutting yourself, rather than leaving it to someone else who might be more interested in meeting size restrictions than in representing your efforts in the best possible manner.
An abstract word limit of to words is common.
Any major restrictions or limitations on the results should be stated, if only by using "weasel-words" such as "might", "could", "may", and "seem". Think of a half-dozen search phrases and keywords that people looking for your work might use.
Be sure that those exact phrases appear in your abstract, so that they will turn up at the top of a search result listing. Usually the context of a paper is set by the publication it appears in for example, IEEE Computer magazine's articles are generally about computer technology.Many students do not get a chance to study art history until they take a college course, so art history may be a new field of study for you.
Even though you are new to analyzing the visual arts, the skills you have learned in other fields will serve you well in this discipline. If you have ever analyzed a poem or developed an understanding of a historical period, you are prepared to think and write like an art historian.
Make sure that all the components of a good abstract are included in the next one you write. Further Reading. Michaelson, Herbert, How to Write & Publish Engineering Papers and Reports, Oryx Press, Chapter 6 discusses abstracts.
Cremmins, Edward, The Art of Abstracting 2nd Edition, Info Resources Press, April This is an entire book about abstracting, written primarily for . Midterms are over and your art history professor wants an essay on art - now what?
Here is a list of topics that might fire you up for the task. Click on the titles to find sample essays, and be sure to read " How to Write an Art History Paper " to learn about researching and writing your paper. Research myths about art an artists and write a paper challenging the myth and providing evidence of the truth.
Although the story goes that post-Impressionist painter Vincent van Gogh (), sold only one painting during his short life, different theories exist. Best Abstract Examples. Anytime students are required to write an APA style paper, they start googling for examples of abstract online.
While some practical, real-life samples can prove pretty useful in your research, you still have to understand that even an amazing example abstract will be of no use if you do not understand why you need this section in your paper, or what purpose it serves.
While the abstract will be at the beginning of your paper, it should be the last section that you write. Once you have completed the final draft of your psychology paper, use it as a guide for writing your abstract.