Saturday, January 10, Higher and Lower Pleasures in Mill Mill distinguishes higher and lower pleasures in his essay on "Utilitarianism. Mill's utilitarianism is an ethics that says the highest good is what produces the most pleasure. Bentham before him hadn't made this distinction and his ultilitarianism had been criticized as an "ethics of swine. But Mill comes along and responds that you should instead there are higher pleasures.
The Inquisition Strikes Again Mar. There are times when modern scientists act like members of the Inquisition.
Such situations can result in people getting removed from their positions in the scientific community, courses being shut down, scientists being fired, or papers being retracted.
Unfortunately, it has happened again, resulting in another scientific paper being retracted. The paper, Biomechanical Characteristics of Hand Coordination in Grasping Activities of Daily Livingdiscussed the results of an experiment that tried to figure out the functional link between the architecture of the hand and its coordination.
In the experiment, 30 individuals 15 men and 15 women with apparently healthy hands were given a glove to wear while performing several mundane tasks. The glove measured the angles of the joints in the hand throughout the time each task was being performed.
This allowed the researchers to then determine the degree to which the movements of the hand joints were coordinated. The researchers found that while some joints particularly those of the thumb did move independently of the others, there was an enormous amount of coordination between the joints.
This suggests that there is no need for the human hand to control each joint independently. If there was not such biomechanical architecture, such as the separated connection of each articular from a single muscle, it would significantly increase the computational burden of the [central nervous system] to make up for the loss of the biomechanical architecture.
Why was this scientific paper retracted? Was there a serious methodological error in the experiment? Was the data analysis incorrect? Did the authors commit some sort of fraud? It was retracted because the authors dared to do something that scientists have done throughout the vast majority of human history: They dared to mention the Creator in their scientific work!
The authors commit this terrible act a total of three times. Here are the sentences that contain the scandalous reference: In conclusion, our study can improve the understanding of the human hand and confirm that the mechanical architecture is the proper design by the Creator for dexterous performance of numerous functions following the evolutionary remodeling of the ancestral hand for millions of years.
Well, some people thought so. Indeed, that is the title of one of the comments attached to the article! In fact, the journal PLoS One received so many complaints about this horrifying situation that they retracted the entire paper!
Interestingly enough, one of the authors posted in the comments section of the article, indicating that the entire brouhaha is the result of a cultural misunderstanding.
So, in fact, they were saying that the design seen in the human hand was the result of the work of nature, i. From my personal experience, I would say that it does.
Since I took German in high school and university, I tried to talk with them in German whenever I could. Thus, it is very possible that this was simply a translation error on the part of the authors. Otherwise, you will be excommunicated from the fold. It is terribly sad that modern science has sunk to such a level.Atheism, Baggini, p.
Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, David Hume (Penguin Classics, ) p. For arguments sake I am assuming that Hume's argument makes sense. God: The Oldest Question: A Fresh Look at Belief and Unbelief - And Why the Choice Matters [William J.
O'Malley] on attheheels.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Is the existence of God a reasonable premise? In this book, William O'Malley, SJ, examines this critical question and many other related questions with a rare combination of rigorous gravity and irreverent humor. ntombi Reply: November 14th, at am.
Elisha, God has been wonderful, to me I was. Thretened by garnishee orders at work but a consultant frm our HR section told me that everything stoped. Why am I Protestant instead of Roman Catholic? I began to think about these questions and many more and, naturally, my thoughts worked themselves out in writing.
Today I want to begin with the broadest question of all and tell why I am not an atheist. Moderation / Criticism / Exposition / Exposés David Aaronovitch. Catholics try, rather unconvincingly, to show how conferring sainthood is different in principle to the pagan apotheosis (the process that made Claudius, for instance, into a God), but the distinction doesn't quite wash.
. Why I Am An Atheist has 1, ratings and reviews. Himanshu said: This essay is supposed to be read by an argumentative, non-aligned, unprejudiced an /5.