Share Censors are always looking for fresh opportunities to censor. So they relish moments of ideological ferment, antagonism, and intemperateness. At such times, people are more susceptible to moral panic and likelier to silence opposing views. We are living through such a moment now, with neo-Nazis, Communists, and various other haters and cranks on the march, both in the streets and online.
This is called responsible government. The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy in which the reigning monarch that is, the King or Queen who is the Head of State at any given time does not make any open political decisions. All political decisions are taken by the government and Parliament.
This constitutional state of affairs is the result of a long history of constraining and reducing the political power of the monarch, beginning with the Magna Carta in Parliament is split into two houses: The House of Commons is the lower house and is the more powerful.
The House of Lords is the upper house and although it can vote to amend proposed laws, the House of Commons can usually vote to overrule its amendments. Although the House of Lords can introduce bills, most important laws are introduced in the House of Commons — and most of those are introduced by the government, which schedules the vast majority of parliamentary time in the Commons.
Parliamentary time is essential for bills to be passed into law, because they must pass through a number of readings The mystery of englands foreign policy becoming law. Ministers of the Crown are responsible to the House in which they sit; they make statements in that House and take questions from members of that House.
For most senior ministers this is usually the elected House of Commons rather than the House of Lords. There have been some recent exceptions to this: A similar convention applies to the Chancellor of the Exchequer.
It would likely be politically unacceptable for the budget speech to be given in the Lords, with MPs unable to directly question the Chancellor, especially now that the Lords have very limited powers in relation to money bills.
The last Chancellor of the Exchequer to be a member of the House of Lords was Lord Denmanwho served as interim Chancellor of the Exchequer for one month in By convention, if a government loses the confidence of the House of Commons it must either resign or a General Election is held.
The support of the Lords, while useful to the government in getting its legislation passed without delay, is not vital. A government is not required to resign even if it loses the confidence of the Lords and is defeated in key votes in that House.
The House of Commons is thus the Responsible house. There are also departmental questions when ministers answer questions relating to their specific departmental brief. Unlike PMQs both the cabinet ministers for the department and junior ministers within the department may answer on behalf of the government, depending on the topic of the question.
During debates on legislation proposed by the government, ministers—usually with departmental responsibility for the bill —will lead the debate for the government and respond to points made by MPs or Lords.
Committees  of both the House of Commons and House of Lords hold the government to account, scrutinise its work and examine in detail proposals for legislation. Ministers appear before committees to give evidence and answer questions.
Government ministers are also required by convention and the Ministerial Code when Parliament is sitting, to make major statements regarding government policy or issues of national importance to Parliament.
This allows MPs or Lords to question the government on the statement. When the government instead chooses to make announcements first outside Parliament, it is often the subject of significant criticism from MPs and the Speaker of the House of Commons.
The monarch takes little direct part in governing the country, and remains neutral in political affairs. However, the legal authority of the state that is vested in the sovereign, known as The Crownremains the source of the executive power exercised by the government. In addition to explicit statutory authorityin many areas the Crown also possesses a body of powers known as the Royal Prerogativewhich can be used for many purposes, from the issue or withdrawal of passports to declaration of war.
By long-standing custom, most of these powers are delegated from the sovereign to various ministers or other officers of the Crown, who may use them without having to obtain the consent of Parliament. The head of the government, the prime ministeralso has weekly meetings with the monarch, when she "has a right and a duty to express her views on Government matters These meetings, as with all communications between The Queen and her Government, remain strictly confidential.
Having expressed her views, The Queen abides by the advice of her ministers. Domestic powers[ edit ] The power to appoint and also, in theory, dismiss a prime minister.
This power is exercised by the monarch herself. By convention she appoints and is expected to appoint the individual most likely to be capable of commanding the confidence of a majority in the House of Commons.Built in , Black Widow saw active service with the Russian Baltic Fleet at the height of the Cold War.
Although modest compared to Russia’s latest Project Yasen-class nuclear submarine, the U was pretty formidable in its day, armed with 22 nuclear tipped warheads and 53 explosive mines.
Ch 2 true and false. STUDY. PLAY. True. England's politics and foreign policy in the 16th century were primarily shaped by its religious rivalry with Catholic Spain.
False. The earliest English colonization efforts experienced suprising success. False. In the Doctrine Commission report The Mystery of Salvation12 looked at some of the issues involved here.
It suggested that: “ there is a plurality of ways by which people are being made whole in the here and now; these are ways the Spirit of God is working. This policy towards France was rather limited and was maintained for far too long: by about the Foreign Office was virtually blind to the rise of Prussia, which was a greater threat to the peace and stability of Europe than France.
Mirage of Power: –14 v. 1: British Foreign Policy (); Mirage of Power: –22 v. 2: British Foreign Policy (); Mirage of Power: The Documents v.
3: British Foreign Policy (); vol 1–2 are text, vol 3 = primary sources; Lowe, John. Britain and Foreign Affairs – Europe and Overseas () Mahajan, Sneh.
The Jacobean era ended with a severe economic depression in –, complicated by a serious outbreak of bubonic plague in London in Foreign-policy [ edit ] King James I was sincerely devoted to peace, not just for his three kingdoms but for Europe as a .