According to some accounts Friele was a goldsmith for the bishop at Mainzbut most likely he was involved in the cloth trade. John Lienhard, technology historian, says "Most of Gutenberg's early life is a mystery.
See Article History Printing press, machine by which text and images are transferred to paper or other media by means of ink. Although movable type, as well as paper, first appeared in China, it was in Europe that printing first became mechanized. The earliest mention of a printing press is in a lawsuit in Strasbourg in revealing construction of a press for Johannes Gutenberg and his associates.
The invention of the printing press itself obviously owed much to the medieval paper press, in turn modeled after the ancient wine-and-olive press of the Mediterranean area. A long handle was used to turn a heavy wooden screw, exerting downward pressure against the paper, which was laid over the type mounted on a wooden platen.
In its essentials, the wooden press reigned supreme for more than years, with a hardly varying rate of sheets per hour printed on one side. By the midth century, Richard M. Hoe of New York had perfected a power-driven cylinder press in which a large central cylinder carrying the type successively printed on the paper of four impression cylinders, producing 8, sheets an hour in 2, revolutions.
The rotary press came to dominate the high-speed newspaper field, but the flatbed presshaving a flat bed to hold the type and either a reciprocating platen or a cylinder to hold the paper, continued to be used for job printing.
Offset printing is especially valuable for colour printingbecause an offset press can print multiple colours in one run. Offset lithography —used for books, newspapers, magazines, business forms, and direct mail—continued to be the most widely used printing method at the start of the 21st century, though it was challenged by ink-jet, laser, and other printing methods.
Among these changes were better paper feed, improvements in plates and paper, automatic paper reels, and photoelectric control of colour register. The introduction of computers in the s revolutionized printing compositionwith more and more steps in the print process being replaced by digital data.
At the end of the 20th century, a new electronic printing method, print-on-demand, began to compete with offset printing, though it—and printing generally—came under increasing pressure in developed countries as publishers, newspapers, and others turned to online means of distributing what they had previously printed on paper.The Printing Press ~ Johannes Gutenberg.
Johannes Gensfleisch zur Laden zum Gutenberg ( February 3, ) was a German blacksmith, goldsmith, printer, and publisher who introduced printing to attheheels.com Inventor in History: Johannes Gutenberg Johannes Gutenberg was a German blacksmith, goldsmith, printer, publisher, and inventor.
His invention of the mechanical movable type printing started the Printing Revolution in Europe, which is widely viewed as the most important event of the modern period. · Johannes Gutenberg, the inventor of the Printing Press, was in everybody’s top 10, and many voted him as The Most Important Man of the Millennium!
Johannes Gutenberg was born in the city of Mainz near the shores of the Rhine attheheels.com Johannes Gutenberg introduced the concept of movable type and the printing press to Europe.
While this may not sound like a big deal at first, the printing press is often considered as the most important invention in modern attheheels.com://attheheels.com Johannes Gensfleisch zur Laden zum Gutenberg (/ j oʊ ˌ h ɑː n ᵻ s ˈ ɡ uː t ən b ɛr ɡ / yoh-HAH-nəs GOO-tən-behrɡ; c. – February 3, ) was a German blacksmith, goldsmith, printer, and publisher who introduced printing to attheheels.com://attheheels.com /wiki/attheheels.com Gutenberg's greatest accomplishment was the printing of a Latin Bible -- the Gutenberg Bible, as it came to be known.
His name became forever linked to this magnificent masterpiece and to the printing press that transformed the attheheels.com://attheheels.com?id=8.