What a student may need to know about an item Ways to present vocabulary Alternative ways of teaching vocabulary Other things to consider Introduction With hundreds of thousands of words in the English language, teaching vocabulary can seem like a very daunting prospect. Remember though that the average native speaker uses around only five thousand words in everyday speech. Moreover, your students won't need to produce every word they learn, some they will just need to recognize.
Just for Fun AdLit. Teaching Word Meanings as Concepts By: Texas Education Agency The most effective vocabulary instruction teaches word meanings as concepts; it connects the words being taught with their context and with the students' prior knowledge.
Six techniques have proven especially effective: Although there is general agreement that effective vocabulary instruction should include the five componentsthere is no such agreement as to the most effective techniques for increasing students' knowledge of specific words. We do know, however, that the most effective instruction teaches word meanings as concepts, using a variety of techniques to help students establish connections among context, their prior knowledge, and the concepts or words being taught.
Concept of Definition Maps Concept of Definition Maps or Word Maps reflect the idea that students need to have some understanding of what a definition is and how it works before they can give the meaning of a word on their own.
Concept of Definition Maps are graphic displays that show common elements of a dictionary definition. These elements include 1 the category to which the word being defined belongs What is this? Students refer to context, their prior knowledge, and dictionaries to find the elements needed to complete the map.
The following filled-in map for potentate was prepared to clarify the meaning of the word potentate, which appeared in a fourth-grade reading textbook.
Once the map is complete, the teacher models how to write a definition using the information on the word map.
For example, "A potentate is a ruler who has a lot of power. The people do not elect potentates, and some stay in office for life.
Some types of potentates are kings, dictators, and emperors.
In this activity, each student takes a sheet of paper and folds it so there are four sections. The students write the target concept word such as soothing in the upper left hand section of the paper, then write some examples of the concept in the upper right section baths, soft music, chocolatesome nonexamples of the concept in the lower right section loud music, traffic, crying babiesand a definition in the lower left hand section having a calming effect.
Semantic Mapping Semantic Mapping involves a web-like graphic display. To begin instruction, students are presented with a concept that is central to understanding a selection or subject. They then brainstorm or freely associate words that are related to that concept.
As students brainstorm, the teacher writes their suggestions on the board, adding words they need to learn.
For example, for a unit on weather, the teacher targeted the words meteorology, global, precipitation, barometer, and hurricane in the text students were about to read. When the students finished brainstorming, the teacher and the class together developed the following map to show the relationships among the words.
The target words were highlighted, and one section of the map was left blank so that the class could fill in another category after reading the selection.
Semantic Mapping is helpful for developing students' understanding of almost any concept. It has been used to develop concepts as diverse as polygons and the Dewey decimal system.Vocabulary Teaching: Effective Methodologies Naveen Kumar Mehta naveennmehta(at)attheheels.com The Institute of Chartered Accountants of .
attheheels.com: Techniques in Teaching Vocabulary (Teaching Techniques in English as a Second Language) (): Virginia French Allen: Books.
Faculty Seminar. The SID Faculty Seminar is offered in collaboration with the Dietrich School and Center for Teaching and Learning. Its goal is to make student oral communication a prominent part of the undergraduate learning experience.
Faculty who complete the Seminar are awarded a stipend. This article looks at what needs to be taught when teaching vocabulary and ways to present and teach vocabulary. Everything you need to be a successful English as a Second Language teacher for students of all ages and skill levels.
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