Bullying and School Liability: What Administrators Should Know Can schools be held legally accountable for student bullying?
Bullying is the repeated behavior verbal or physical that occurs over a period of time in a relationship characterized by an imbalance of power Olweus, Many times, bullying is considered to be physical contact or direct bullying such as tripping someone in the hallway or pushing a peer on the playground; however, bullying also occurs indirectly through subtle, verbal exchanges, intimidations, rumors, and excluding peers from various activities.
Along with direct and indirect bullying, a new phenomenon has developed called cyberbullying. Bullying is divided into three distinct classifications with varying characteristics. Many times, victims of bullying are seen as quiet and withdrawn individuals. According to research, bullies are usually more aggressive, impulsive, and have a more dominant demeanor about themselves.
Surprisingly, bullies are typically accepted by their peers and have a positive relationship with peers and teachers Conners-Burrows, et al These children are those students who have been a target of bullying or are still a victim and also bully other students.
Bully-victims are similar to bullies in that they are aggressive and impulsive; however, bully-victims target peers differently than pure bullies as they will typically use more physical aggression during a bullying incident.
Furthermore, bully-victims have few friends and are many times disliked by their peers Conners-Burrows, et.
Negative outcomes are frequently associated with bullying. Although victims may feel the negative outcome, bullies, themselves gain satisfaction from hurting others Diamanduros et. Students on the receiving end of bullying have greater emotional stress and are likely to abuse substances American school the source for school leaders, Victims of bullying may also experience depression, low self-esteem, anxiety, and loneliness.
Another particularly tragic result of bullying has been suicide. The implications of bullying are seen on a daily basis.
In a study by the Kaiser Foundation in conjunction with Nickelodeon TV network and Children Now, children ages were interviewed regarding bullying. Eighty-six percent of these children said that they have been teased or bullied at school http: According to Schoen and Schoengirls are victimized by both genders while boys are typically bullied by other boys.
In January a 15 year-old Massachusetts high school student took her own life due to ongoing harassment and bullying, via traditional bullying and cyberbullying.
Two years prior to this incident and only ten miles away, an 11 year-old boy used an extension cord to end his life as he could no longer withstand the effects of the bullying that occurred throughout his daily life Hampson,paras.
During the spring semester in Marcha young 17 year-old Ohio student committed suicide after years of being taunted and bullied by peersparas.My opinion is that schools should be able to monitor students social account but should only do it when it affects the learning of one or more students and with significant proof of the cyberbullying taking place on the social media.
Mothers are more likely than fathers to label actions as cyberbullying. One in five parents believe students who post online rumors about sex should be referred to law enforcement.
Online rumors about cheating on a test are viewed by parents as less serious than online rumors about sex. In the Upfront article 'Should schools punish off-campus cyberbullying?', the Director of Communications and Public Policy, Edwin C. Yohnka, argues why we should not punish off-campus cyberbullying.
Yohnka states in the text, “Educators have the authority to discipline students when they violate school rules on school grounds. Whether resolving such conflicts should be the responsibility of the family, the police or the schools remains an open question, evolving along with definitions of cyberbullying itself.
Nonetheless, administrators who decide they should help their cornered students often face daunting pragmatic and legal constraints.
Schools should have discipline policies or codes of conduct to ensure that the bullying or harassment of students is not tolerated at school. These policies should be made known to students and enforced by teachers to ensure that reports of bullying are investigated and dealt with appropriately.”. The issue of whether schools can punish students for off-campus speech is also somewhat ambiguous. When schools handle reports of off-campus bullying, however, Peter Scheer, executive director of the First Amendment Center, says schools should be careful. Many school administrators and parents feel that one of the best ways to combat this problem is for schools to be able to monitor and punish students for their activity on social media, allowing.
Schools Have the Right to Punish Cyberbullies Cyberbullying, Nancy Willard, director of the Center for Safe and Responsible Internet Use, conducts workshops on.
Louisiana schools threaten to punish students for kneeling during anthem Sep 29, by New York Post School officials in Louisiana are threatening to punish student-athletes with suspensions, “extra running” and removal from sports teams should they choose to kneel during the national anthem, a .