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We are neither affiliated with the author of this essay nor responsible for its content. A chronic, inflammatory disease that may cause joint or connective tissue damage. The onset occurs before Age Causes, incidence, and risk factors: JRA is thought to belong to the collagen classes of disease those diseases that involve connective tissue.
It is a complicated disease. The primary manifestation is arthritis, but the disease may involve other body systems such as the heart and lining around the heart pericardiumlungs and lining around the lungs pleuraeyes, and skin. JRA is generally divided into five broad groups depending on whether a large number of joints are involved or just a few, whether the rheumatoid factor a blood test is positive or negative, and whether there is eye involvement or not.
The five categories of JRA may be roughly broken down as follows: The onset of arthritis may be slow or extremely rapid. An early sign of slow onset may be stiffness on arising in the morning.
Swollen, painful joints characterize the arthritis of JRA with pain on motion and sometimes to touch.
The skin over the joints is generally not red but can be. The systemic form of JRA may first appear with high fevers, chills and a rash but without joint pain.
In the systemic form, arthritis may develop months after the appearance of the fever. The two forms of JRA where there are only a few joints involved often have associated eye disease. The most severe form of eye disease, chronic iridocyclitis of JRA, may lead to lead to visual problems or blindness.
The milder form of JRA-associated eye disease is acute iridocyclitis, which generally heals without permanent damage. The cause of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is unknown. Growth may be affected during periods of active disease. Girls are affected more often than boys are.
The peak onset occurs between the ages of 2 to 5 years old and between 9 to 12 years old.
Risk factors may be a family history of the disease and recent rubella infection or vaccine. There is no known prevention for JRA. Physical examination may show an enlarged liver hepatomegalyenlarged spleen splenomegalyor swollen lymph nodes lymphadenopathy. There may also be signs of: Treatment is aimed at preserving mobility and joint function and supporting the patient and family through a long chronic illness.
Physical therapy and exercise programs may be recommended. Surgical procedures may be indicated, including joint replacement. JRA is seldom life threatening. Long periods of spontaneous remission are typical.
Often JRA improves or remits at puberty. The stress of illness can often be helped by joining a support group. Here, members share common experiences and problems.While juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder, much like the adult version of rheumatoid arthritis, recent arthritis research shows that JIA stands alone, independent in how it actually attacks and affects a child’s body.
Rheumatoid Arthritis Rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune condition, is a chronic inflammatory poly-arthritis (involves 5 or more joints).
It causes premature mortality, disability, and compromised quality of life in the industrialized and developing world. Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (JRA), or sometimes called juvenile chronic arthritis, is a disease that affects children causing joint inflamation which makes the joints stiff and painful.
This Disease affects about one in one thousand children ages sixteen and younger. While juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder, much like the adult version of rheumatoid arthritis, recent arthritis research shows that JIA stands alone, independent in how it actually attacks and affects a child’s body.
Essay, Research Paper: Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthriris Health Free Health research papers were donated by our members/visitors and are presented free of charge for informational use only.
From rheumatoid arthritis to juvenile arthritis we are researching cures today. Learn more about the Arthritis Foundations scientific intiatives here. From rheumatoid arthritis to juvenile arthritis we are researching cures today.
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