The person who had called the meeting was running late so I just loitered around. It was a two-room apartment that had been modified into a makeshift office space with some spare area for sitting, with floor cushions etc.
Historians have debated the rise and fall of empires for centuries. To date, however, no one has studied the far rarer phenomenon of hyperpowers—those remarkably few societies that have amassed such extraordinary military and economic might that they essentially dominated the world.
Now, in this sweeping history of globally dominant empires, New York Times best-selling author Amy Chua explains how hyperpowers rise and why they fall. For all their differences, she argues, every one of these world-dominant powers was, at least by the standards of its time, extraordinarily pluralistic and tolerant.
Each one succeeded by harnessing the skills and energies of individuals from very different backgrounds, and by attracting and exploiting highly talented groups that were excluded in other societies.
Thus Rome allowed Africans, Spaniards, and Gauls alike to rise to the highest echelons of power, while the "barbarian" Mongols conquered their vast domains only because they practiced and ethnic and religious tolerance unheard of in their time.
In contrast, Nazi Germany and imperial Japan, while wielding great power, failed to attain global dominance as a direct result of their racial and religious intolerance. But Chua also uncovers a great historical irony: In virtually every instance, multicultural tolerance eventually sowed the seeds of decline, and diversity became a liability, triggering conflict, hatred, and violence.
The United States is the quintessential example of a power that rose to global dominance through tolerance and diversity. Today, however, concerns about outsourcing and uncontrolled illegal immigration are producing a backlash against our tradition of cultural openness.
Has America finally reached a "tipping point"? Have we gone too far in the direction of diversity and tolerance to maintain cohesion and unity? Will we be overtaken by rising powers like China, the EU or even India?
Chua shows why American power may have already exceeded its limits—and why it may be in our interest to retreat from our go-it-alone approach and promote a new multilateralism in both domestic and foreign affairs.
As with any shrewd and elaborate argument, the getting there is half the fun. Indeed, it has an almost Toynbeean sweep Always in the back of her mind is the drama of America. The eventual decline of American hyperpower is inevitable.
The question is whether we can avoid the descent into vicious xenophobia and defensive intolerance that has accompanied the fall of hyperpowers in the past. It is not a question Chua can answer, but she deserves praise for eloquently raising it.
This co-opting of human resources is what, to Chua, separates true hyperpowers from other imperial entities And her convincing presentation of their relevance to the contemporary scene adds meaning to this timely warning.
Despite its flaws, Britain was the first truly liberal empire. America has picked up where the British left off. Whatever sway the U. If that makes us an empire, so be it. Altschuler, Baltimore Sun "Extraordinary.
An incredibly ambitious book, but Chua is up to the task.Senator Warren at a BlueGreen Alliance Foundation conference in (Reuters photo: Yuri Gripas) The desire to lionize those Donald Trump attacks shouldn’t blind anyone to the great Warren con. The ethnic composition of Harvard undergraduates certainly follows a highly intriguing pattern.
Harvard had always had a significant Asian-American enrollment, generally running around 5 percent when I had attended in the early s.
We are a politically diverse group of more than 2, professors and graduate students who have come together to improve the quality of research and education in universities by increasing viewpoint diversity, mutual understanding, and constructive disagreement.
The power elite is composed of men whose positions enable them to transcend the ordinary environments of ordinary men 3. 4 THE POWER ELITE and women; they are in positions to make decisions having major consequences.
Whether they do or do not make such decisions is less important than the fact that they do occupy such pivotal.
A Brutal Friendship: The West and The Arab Elite [Said K. Aburish] on attheheels.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. In A Brutal Friendship, Said K. Aburish traces the true origins of the region`s present turmoil to the manner in which corrupt Arab rulers have subordinated the welfare of their subjects to their cultivation of cozy relationships with the West.
Concentration of media ownership (also known as media consolidation or media convergence) is a process whereby progressively fewer individuals or organizations control increasing shares of the mass media. Contemporary research demonstrates increasing levels of consolidation, with many media industries already highly concentrated and dominated by a very small number of firms.