Carin van Zyl has heard terminally ill patients beg to die. If she were in the same situation, she too would want life-ending medication, even though she doubts she would ever take it. Earlier this month, California law became the fifth — and largest — state to allow physicians to prescribe lethal medications to certain patients who ask for it.
End of life, euthanasia and assisted suicide Essay: Euthanasia and assisted suicide arouses deep moral beliefs about the value of life that are held by society. It will also consider the ethical issues involved such as autonomy, paternalism, sanctity of life versus quality of life, utilitarianism, deontology and the slippery slope doctrine.
Patients approaching the end of life have advanced and incurable conditions like cancer, motor neurone diseases, etc and acute conditions caused by sudden disastrous events.
The provision of treatment and care towards the end of life often involve clinically complex and emotionally distressing decisions involving ethical issues and uncertainties about the law.
|Suicide - Wikipedia||The first apparent usage of the term "euthanasia" belongs to the historian Suetoniuswho described how the Emperor Augustus"dying quickly and without suffering in the arms of his wife, Livia, experienced the 'euthanasia' he had wished for.|
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|Essay: Physician-assisted suicide - the right to die - Essay UK Free Essay Database||Do terminally ill patients have the right to die?|
|Opinion latest||Suicide terminology Suicide, from Latin suicidium, is "the act of taking one's own life".|
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These decisions may include whether they wish to participate in medical research or they want a life saving treatment. In order to make an informed decision, the person making the decision must understand the reality of the situation and the consequences of their actions. As provided by section 24 1 of the Mental Capacity Actan advanced decision spells out the treatments and procedures that the patient consents to and those that are against their wishes.
The Act further provides that any adult who has mental capacity can choose a personal welfare lasting power of attorney who will decide on their future medical treatment if they do not have the mental capacity to do so. The attorney may discuss about treatment options but cannot request for treatment that is clinically inappropriate.
The advance decision must be valid and applicable. Once there is any doubt about this decision, the case can be sent to the Court of Protection the legal body that supervises the Mental Capacity Act The fact that Sarah was in the last stages of motor neurone disease meant that she may be experiencing shortness of breath and paralysis which she did not want her family to witness.
Most people with motor neuron diseases like Sarah may think about ending their life at some point but it is not a common outcome especially in cases where there is a strong family and community support. Legal Position of End of Life Issues An act which causes death would be murder and an omission could be murder or manslaughter depending on whether or not there was a duty to continue with treatment.
Thus a doctor may face criminal prosecution in situations where he owes a duty to the victim but fails to act accordingly. In R Jenkins v HM Coroner for Portsmouth and South East Hampshire, however, it was held that no crime was committed if help was not offered to a dying patient who categorically refuses medical intervention.
A doctor will not breach his duty by failing to provide treatment if a competent patient does not approve the treatment. In the case of Ms B v An NHS Trust, doctors refused to switch off the ventilator that kept her alive for ethical reasons, despite being pronounced capable of making a decision on whether or not to continue her medical treatment.
It has been argued that a competent person will never refuse basic care and for a person to be denied this, amounts to torture and inhumane treatment under Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights ECHR.
Furthermore, if the treatment is not in the best interest of the patient, a doctor is not required to do so as shown in Airedale NHS Trust v Bland. Here, a court order was granted for the withdrawal of treatment for Bland because he was in a persistent vegetative state and there was no hope of recovery.- Assisted Suicide is Murder "If suicide is a right, then it is one that has remained undiscovered throughout the ages by the great thinkers in law, ethics, philosophy and theology.
It appears nowhere in the Bible or the Koran or the Talmud. Pro: Terminally ill patients have the right to terminate their own life On Nov.
1, , year-old Brittany Maynard took her own life with a pill. The best opinions, comments and analysis from The Telegraph. The Right to Assisted Suicide - You’re visiting the hospice for the twenty-third day in a row; the soft squeaking of the linoleum and the gentle buzz of the fluorescents .
Suicide, homicide, physician-assisted suicide, violence (including domestic violence and gun violence), sudden death (from accidents and otherwise), dementia and other forms of lingering illness -- complex and difficult endings may bring complicated losses and complicated grief.
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