The founder of the standardized testing system intended to create a uniform test to seek out the students who had the highest aptitude. Standardized tests have been used to allow higher education institutions to make a reliable decision on whether or not to accept certain students. The testing system that was first created in has evolved and transformed to reflect modern day knowledge. Teachers are not given as much freedom as they would like, because they have to adapt to standardized testing measures and they are not given much discretion as to what the students are being taught.
Yet in retrospect I see that I and the s themselves were not simply hostile toward intellectualism, but divided and ambivalent. When Marilyn Monroe, who in had divorced the retired baseball hero Joe DiMaggio, married the playwright Arthur Miller inthe symbolic triumph of Mind over Jock suggested the way the wind was blowing.
Even Elvis, according to his biographer, Peter Guralnick The germs of intellectualism had already been sown in the seemingly philistine debates about which boys were the toughest. I was practicing being an intellectual before I knew that was what I would be or wanted to be. Could the White Sox beat the Yankees?
Could a Chicago Cubs fan also root for the White Sox? When I declared my change of loyalty to the boys and men at the local package store where I hung out, they were contemptuous and scornful.
Today one can hardly pick up the sports page or listen to sports talk radio without being plunged into conflicts over race, gender, drugs, and economics, making sports an extension of the larger social world rather than the escape from it that it once seemed. I suspect we underrate the role of sports in the elementary literacy training of future intellectuals not necessarily only male ones either.
He does not say what the football books were like, but I imagine that without them he would not have made the transition as readily.
I certainly would have been incredulous if somebody had suggested that there might be a connection between the habits of mind I was forming in playground disputes about tough kids and sports and the intellectual work of school. Since school defined itself as everything that supposedly debased American popular culture was not, sports and games could only be an escape from—and an antidote to—schooling and intellect.
Yet sports were full of challenging arguments, debates, problems for analysis, and meaningful statistical math in a way that school conspicuously was not.
Furthermore, sports arguments, debates, and analyses made you part of a community, not just of your friends but of the national public culture.
Whereas schoolwork seemingly isolated you, you could talk sports with people you had never met. Of course, schools can hardly be blamed for not making intellectual culture resemble the World Series or the Super Bowl, but schools might be learning things from the sports world about how to organize and represent intellectual culture, how to turn the intellectual game into arresting public spectacle.
My schools missed the opportunity to capitalize on the gamelike element of drama and conflict that the intellectual world shares with the world of sports. In this competition, points were scored not by making arguments in intellectual debate, of which there was little or none, but by a show of knowledge or ostensibly vast reading or by the academic one-upmanship of putdowns and cleverness.
History, for example, was represented to me not as a set of debates between interpretations of the past, but as a series of contextless facts that one crammed the night before the test and then forgot as quickly as possible afterward. Such memory work might have been valuable had there been some larger context of issues or problems to give it point and meaning, but there rarely was.
To paraphrase Terry Eagleton The result was an odd curricular mixture that combined courses in which I memorized historical facts and literary quotations with courses in home economics, typing, and driver education. But though the old and new theories behind the mixture were opposed, they came together in discouraging genuine intellectual engagement.
I failed for a long time to see the underlying parallels between the sports and academic worlds, parallels that might have enabled me to cross more readily from one argument culture to the other.
And insofar as academic intellectual culture is still defined by its supposed contrast with popular culture, schools are still passing up the chance to bridge the gap between the argument culture of adult intellectuals and the ones students join when they grow up arguing about sports, parental authority, dress fashions, soap operas, teen entertainment idols, weight, personal appearance, dates, and the myriad other things adolescents talk about.An argumentative speech is a persuasive speech in which the speaker attempts to persuade his audience to alter their viewpoints on a controversial issue.
While a persuasive speech may be aimed more at sharing a viewpoint and asking the audience to consider it, an argumentative speech aims to radically change the opinions already held by the audience. Standardized testing is used in most schools and institutes. These are tests that are designed in a way, which are administered and recorded in a consistent method.
In standardized testing, all test takers are required to answer the same set of inquiries. The Pros and Cons of Standardized Testing - Standardized testing is a down fall to many students but also an opportunity for many others.
Introduction: This is the opening paragraph of your attheheels.com contains the hook, which is used to grab the reader's attention, and the thesis, or argument, which you'll explain in the next section. Standardized tests are most widely used in the field of education to assess the academic performance of students.
Two commonly known types of standardized tests in the USA are the SAT and the ACT. The SAT evaluates skills in vocabulary and mathematics, while the ACT has more to do with a broader range of knowledge and includes additional subjects, such as science.
Essay on Standardized Testing Children are not learning, according to standardized testing scores. The government, parents, and teachers are at odds as to why this is.