Thirteen Colonies Eastern North America in The border between the red and pink areas represents the "Proclamation line", while the orange area represents the Spanish claim. Lawrence Henry Gipson writes: It may be said as truly that the American Revolution was an aftermath of the Anglo-French conflict in the New World carried on between and
Continental Congress to coordinate a colonial boycott of British goods. When fighting broke out between American colonists and British forces in Massachusetts, the Continental Congress worked with local groups, originally intended to enforce the boycott, to coordinate resistance against the British.
British officials throughout the colonies increasingly found their authority challenged by informal local governments, although loyalist sentiment remained strong in some areas.
Despite these changes, colonial leaders hoped to reconcile with the British Government, and all but the most radical members of Congress were unwilling to declare independence.
However, in lateBenjamin Franklin, then a member of the Secret Committee of Correspondence, hinted to French agents and other European sympathizers that the colonies were increasingly leaning towards seeking independence.
While perhaps true, Franklin also hoped to convince the French to supply the colonists with aid. Independence would be necessary, however, before French officials would consider the possibility of an alliance.
Throughout the winter of —, the members of the Continental Congress came to view reconciliation with Britain as unlikely, and independence the only course of action available to them. When on December 22,the British Parliament prohibited trade with the colonies, Congress responded in April of by opening colonial ports—this was a major step towards severing ties with Britain.
By February ofcolonial leaders were discussing the possibility of forming foreign alliances and began to draft the Model Treaty that would serve as a basis for the alliance with France.
Leaders for the cause of independence wanted to make certain that they had sufficient congressional support before they would bring the issue to the vote. Other members of Congress were amenable but thought some colonies not quite ready. However, Congress did form a committee to draft a declaration of independence and assigned this duty to Thomas Jefferson.
They preserved its original form, but struck passages likely to meet with controversy or skepticism, most notably passages blaming King George III for the transatlantic slave trade and those blaming the British people rather than their government. The committee presented the final draft before Congress on June 28,and Congress adopted the final text of the Declaration of Independence on July 4.
The British Government did its best to dismiss the Declaration as a trivial document issued by disgruntled colonists. The Declaration divided British domestic opposition, as some American sympathizers thought the Declaration had gone too far, but in British-ruled Ireland it had many supporters.
The Sultan of Morocco mentioned American ships in a consular document inbut Congress had to wait until the Treaty of Alliance with France for a formal recognition of U. The Netherlands acknowledged U.
Although Spain joined the war against Great Britain init did not recognize U. Under the terms of the treaty, which ended the War of the American Revolution, Great Britain officially acknowledged the United States as a sovereign and independent nation.By issuing the Declaration of Independence, adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, , the 13 American colonies severed their political connections to Great Britain.
The Declaration summarized the colonists’ motivations for seeking independence. An abridged transcript of the Declaration of Independence, drafted and passed by the second Continental Congress in July “When in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them .
Below: Presentation of the finished Declaration of Independence by Thomas Jefferson in Philadelphia, July 4, The Declaration was then signed and copies of the text were transported to key cities such as New York and Boston to be read aloud.
The Declaration of Independence Opening with, "When in the Course of human events " the Declaration of Independence boldly announced that the Thirteen Colonies were now "Free and Independent States' not just to Great Britain, but to the world in History >> American Revolution The thirteen colonies in the America's had been at war with Britain for around a year when the Second Continental Congress decided it was time for the colonies to officially declare their independence.
Jan 15, · The Congress formally adopted the Declaration of Independence–written largely by Jefferson–in Philadelphia on July 4, a date now celebrated as the birth of American independence.